Peroxiredoxin 1 inhibits the oxidative stress induced apoptosis in renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis Journal Articles uri icon

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  • AbstractAimApoptosis is one of the most important mechanisms underlying renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis. We identified a role of protein Peroxiredoxin 1 (Prx1) in protecting apoptosis occurred in tubular epithelial cells of the rat and human kidney.MethodsImmunohistochemistry (IHC) staining was used to detect Prx1 expression in kidney derived from unilateral‐ureteral obstruction (UUO) rats or patients with obstructive nephropathy. Modulation of Prx1 expression by transfecting siRNA and overexpression plasmid approach were carried out in NRK‐52E (rat kidney tubular epithelial cell line) cells. UUO‐induced apoptosis was determined using TUNEL assay.ResultsImmunohistochemistry staining showed that Prx1 expressed in the cytoplasm of renal tubular epithelial cells, in the kidneys of UUO rats. The reduction was confirmed by both IHC and real‐time polymerase chain reaction following a course of renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis in UUO rats and a decrease of Prx1 occurred concomitantly with an elevation of TUNEL‐positive cells. Fluorofenidone (AKF‐PD), a new anti‐tubulointerstitial fibrotic agent, attenuated Prx1 reduction in UUO rats. Furthermore, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)‐derived oxidative stress activated p38 MAPK, and induced apoptosis in NRK‐52E cells; knockdown of Prx1 sensitized both events in NRK‐52E cells, and overexpression of Prx1 diminished the apoptosis and the phosphorylation of p38ConclusionDownregulation of Prx1 occurred in renal tubular epithelial cells of UUO rats and patients with obstructive nephropathy. Prx1 may alleviate the pathogenesis by inhibiting H2O2‐induced apoptosis via inhibiting the p38 MAPK pathway. Prx1 may represent a useful target for a protective therapy towards renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis.


  • Mei, Wenjuan
  • Peng, Zhangzhe
  • Lu, Miaomiao
  • Liu, Chunyan
  • Deng, Zhenghao
  • Xiao, Yun
  • Liu, Jishi
  • He, Ying
  • Yuan, Qiongjing
  • Yuan, Xiangning
  • Tang, Damu
  • Yang, Huixiang
  • Tao, Lijian

publication date

  • November 2015

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