YAP/TAZ and EZH2 synergize to impair tumor suppressor activity of TGFBR2 in non-small cell lung cancer
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Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths, worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most prevalent lung cancer subtype. YAP and TAZ have been implicated in lung cancer by acting as transcriptional co-activators of oncogenes or as transcriptional co-repressors of tumor suppressor genes. Previously we reported that YAP and TAZ regulate microRNAs expression in NSCLC. Among the set of regulated miRNAs, the oncogenic miR-25, 93, and 106b, clustering within the MCM7 gene were selected for further studies. We firstly identified Transforming Growth Factor-β (TGF-β) Receptor 2 (TGFBR2), a member of the TGF-β signaling, as a target of the miRNA cluster, which exhibited prognostic value because of its tumor suppressor activity. We found that YAP/TAZ-mediated repression of TGFBR2 occurs both: post-transcriptionally through the miR-106b-25 cluster and transcriptionally by engaging the EZH2 epigenetic repressor that we reported here as a novel target gene of YAP/TAZ. Furthermore, we document that YAP/TAZ and EZH2 cooperate in lung tumorigenesis by transcriptionally repressing a specific subset of tumor suppressor genes, including TGFBR2. Our findings point to YAP/TAZ and EZH2 as potential therapeutic targets for NSCLC treatment.
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