Although speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are important members of the health care team serving adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) with cognitive–communication disorders, little is known about services SLPs deliver and how they rate their own knowledge and skills. The aims of this study were to identify practice patterns, knowledge, and confidence levels of SLPs working with adults with TBI with cognitive–communication disorders.
We surveyed 100 SLPs from rural and urban hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, and outpatient clinics in Wisconsin and analyzed data descriptively.
SLPs in this sample had a combination of accurate and inaccurate knowledge related to TBI. Although all participants reported working with individuals with TBI, many participants rated themselves as lacking confidence or knowledge in this practice area. SLPs reported variable use of evidence-based procedures and training related to TBI.
Results confirmed the high prevalence of TBI-related practice among SLPs in medical settings, but there was variable knowledge, confidence, and use of current evidence in practice. SLP graduate training programs, individual providers, health care administrators, and the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association can use results from this study to advance and improve SLP clinical services for adults with TBI.