Phase II study of temsirolimus (CCI-779) in women with recurrent, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic carcinoma of the cervix. A trial of the NCIC Clinical Trials Group (NCIC CTG IND 199)
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OBJECTIVE: HPV infection has been associated with deregulation of the PI3K-Akt-mTOR pathway in invasive cervical carcinomas. This 2-stage phase II study assessed the activity of the mTOR inhibitor, temsirolimus, in patients with measurable metastatic and/or locally advanced, recurrent carcinoma of the cervix. METHODS: Temsirolimus 25mg i.v. was administered weekly in 4 week cycles. One response among the first 18 patients was required to proceed to the second stage of accrual. Correlative molecular studies were performed on archival tumor tissue. RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients were enrolled. Thirty-seven patients were evaluable for toxicity and 33 for response. One patient experienced a partial response (3.0%). Nineteen patients had stable disease (57.6%) [median duration 6.5 months (range 2.4-12.0mo)]. The 6-month progression free survival rate was 28% (95% CI: 14-43%). The median progression free survival was 3.52 months [95% CI (1.81-4.70)]. Adverse effects were mild-moderate in most cases and similar to other temsirolimus studies. No toxicity>grade 3 was observed. Assessment of PTEN and PIK3CA by IHC, copy number analyses and PTEN promoter methylation status did not reveal subsets associated with disease stability. CONCLUSION: Single agent temsirolimus has modest activity in cervical carcinoma with about two-thirds of patients exhibiting stable disease. Molecular markers for treatment benefit remain to be identified.
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