A framework for the rapid assessment of seismic upgrade viability using performance-based earthquake engineering Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The performance-based earthquake engineering (PBEE) methodology allows designers to deaggregate expected seismic losses in a building to a component level. This deaggregated information provides the opportunity to tailor upgrade strategies to individual structures based on sources of losses. However, the optimization of an upgrade strategy becomes difficult because of the relationship between a structure and its nonstructural components; hence, multiple competing upgrade options must be considered. To address this obstacle, this article proposes a framework to guide the assessment of the viability of both structural and nonstructural upgrade strategies, while accounting for limited design resources likely encountered in the early stages of the design process. The framework utilizes the median shift probability (MSP) method, a modified version of the PBEE method introduced in this article, to rapidly summarize the effects of structural upgrades on nonstructural components by considering the impacts of structural modifications on the floor hazards. While accounting for this relationship, the MSP method utilizes the deaggregation of loss across different source categories to identify the benefit of combined structural and nonstructural upgrades, increasing a designer’s understanding of the impact of structural upgrades on losses and allowing for the rapid determination of optimized upgrade strategies unique to the owner’s conditions. A case study example of the implementation of the framework is provided, and the results obtained from the MSP method are compared with those obtained from more rigorous but resource-intensive optimization analysis. An implementation of the MSP method in Microsoft Excel is provided with this article.

publication date

  • August 2022