Health Related Values and Preferences Regarding Meat Intake: A Cross-Sectional Mixed-Methods Study Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Background. In addition to social and environmental determinants, people’s values and preferences determine daily food choices. This study evaluated adults’ values and preferences regarding unprocessed red meat (URM) and processed meat (PM) and their willingness to change their consumption in the face of possible undesirable health consequences. Methods. A cross-sectional mixed-methods study including a quantitative assessment through an online survey, a qualitative inquiry through semi-structured interviews, and a follow-up assessment through a telephone survey. We performed descriptive statistics, logistic regressions, and thematic analysis. Results. Of 304 participants, over 75% were unwilling to stop their consumption of either URM or PM, and of those unwilling to stop, over 80% were also unwilling to reduce. Men were less likely to stop meat intake than women (odds ratios < 0.4). From the semi-structured interviews, we identified three main themes: the social and/or family context of meat consumption, health- and non-health-related concerns about meat, and uncertainty of the evidence. At three months, 63% of participants reported no changes in meat intake. Conclusions. When informed about the cancer incidence and mortality risks of meat consumption, most respondents would not reduce their intake. Public health and clinical nutrition guidelines should ensure that their recommendations are consistent with population values and preferences.


  • Valli, Claudia
  • Santero, Marilina
  • Prokop-Dorner, Anna
  • Howatt, Victoria
  • Johnston, Bradley
  • Zajac, Joanna
  • Han, Mi-Ah
  • Pereira, Ana
  • Kenji Nampo, Fernando
  • Guyatt, Gordon
  • Bala, Malgorzata M
  • Alonso-Coello, Pablo
  • Rabassa, Montserrat

publication date

  • November 4, 2021