Characterization of CHO-K1 cells stably expressing PDE-IV enzymes
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A CHO-K1 cell line stably expressing a recombinant full-length human PDE-IVa (HSPDE4A4B) enzyme was established under hygromycin B selection. Full-length expression of the protein was determined by Western blot analysis, which revealed the presence of a 125-kDa immunoreactive band using rabbit anti-PDE-IVa antibodies. The potency of inhibitor compounds was examined by their ability to increase cAMP in the whole-cell, and by their ability to inhibit cAMP hydrolysis in a 100,000 g supernatant (soluble enzyme preparation) obtained from the same cell line. Inhibition of the expressed PDE-IVa activity by selective PDE-IV inhibitors--(R) and (S)-rolipram, RS 14203, and CDP 840--at 100 nM substrate demonstrated that RS 14203 and CDP 840 were the most potent with IC50 = 9 nM, followed by (R)-rolipram (IC50 = 110 nM) and (S)-rolipram (IC50 = 420 nM). The rank order of potencies of the inhibitors in elevating cAMP in the whole-cell assay was quite different from that on the soluble enzyme. RS 14203 was still the most potent compound in elevating cAMP. Moreover, the relative rank order of potencies between CDP 840 and (R)-rolipram changed dramatically, such that (R)-rolipram was more potent than CDP 840 = (S)-rolipram. An apparent 30-fold stereoselectivity between (R)- and (S)-rolipram was also noted. The whole-cell rank order of potencies was also maintained when PKA activity ratios were measured in place of cAMP levels. The ability of the compounds to elevate cAMP in the stable CHO-K1 cells appeared to track better with the potency of the compounds against the high-affinity (Sr) conformer of the enzyme rather than the low-affinity catalytic state.
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