Emesis induced by inhibitors of type IV cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE IV) in the ferret
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Emesis induced by inhibitors of type IV cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE IV) has been investigated in the ferret. The PDE IV inhibitors studied were: RS14203, R-rolipram and CT-2450 (i.e. (R)-N-[4-[1-(3-cyclopentyloxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-2-(4-pyridyl)ethyl]phenyl ]N'-ethylurea), in addition to the less active enantiomers S-rolipram and CT-3405. Following oral administrations, different emetic profiles were observed with time. Emesis induced by RS14203 exhibited a dose-response relationship but no such relationship was seen for R-rolipram or CT-2450. The incidence of emesis was positively influenced by the dose of PDE IV inhibitors administered, allowing a rank order of potency: RS14203 > R-rolipram > S-rolipram > CT-2450 > CT-3405. PDE IV inhibitor-induced emesis was abolished by the tachykinin NK1 receptor antagonist, CP-99,994. No peripheral release of substance P by PDE IV inhibitors seems to be involved in triggering the emetic reflex since L-743,310, which only has peripheral NK1 receptor antagonist activity, was without effect. The implication of 5-HT3 receptors in PDE IV inhibitor-induced emesis was variable. Our results suggest that the PDE IV inhibitors studied are mixed peripheral-central emetogens. PDE IV inhibition itself could be plausible mechanism of action of these agents. However, whether emesis is mediated via a specific isoform of PDE IV remains to be established.
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