Chemical modification reveals involvement of tyrosine in ligand binding to dopamine D1 and D2 receptors.
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The effect of tyrosine-alkylating agents on the ligand-binding properties of bovine striatal dopamine D1 and D2 receptors was investigated. The tyrosine-alkylating agents, p-nitrobenzenesulphonylfluoride (pNBSF) and tetranitromethane (TNM) caused a time-and dose-dependent loss of the binding of [3H]SCH-23390 and [3H]spiroperidol, ligands specific for dopamine D1 and D2 receptors, respectively. The two dopamine receptors, however, showed a differential sensitivity to inactivation by these agents. The mechanism of inhibition of the two receptors appears to be complex as treatment of membranes with pNBSF and TNM resulted in a decrease of both the Kd and the Bmax of ligand binding. Spiroperidol almost completely protected the TNM-induced inhibition of [3H]spiroperidol binding to dopamine D2 receptors whereas SCH-23390 afforded only partial protection of the [3H]SCH-23390 binding by TNM suggesting that more than one tyrosine groups may be involved in the D1 receptor binding activity.
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