Using pre-treatment electroencephalography data to predict response to transcranial magnetic stimulation therapy for major depression
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We investigate the use of machine learning methods based on the pre-treatment electroencephalograph (EEG) to predict response to repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), which is a non-pharmacological form of therapy for treating major depressive disorder (MDD). The learning procedure involves the extraction of a large number of candidate features from EEG data, from which a very small subset of most statistically relevant features is selected for further processing. A statistical prediction model based on mixture of factor analysis (MFA) model is constructed from a training set that classifies the respective subject into responder and non-responder classes. A leave-2-out (L2O) cross-validation procedure is used to evaluate the prediction performance. This pilot study involves 27 subjects who received either left high-frequency (HF) active rTMS therapy or simultaneous left HF and right low-frequency active rTMS therapy. Our results indicate that it is possible to predict rTMS treatment efficacy of either treatment modality with a specificity of 83% and a sensitivity of 78%, for a combined accuracy of 80%.
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