Neuroimaging of mirtazapine enantiomers in humans
- Additional Document Info
- View All
INTRODUCTION: Mirtazapine is a racemic antidepressant with a multireceptor profile. Previous studies have shown that the enantiomers of mirtazapine have different pharmacologic effects in the brain of laboratory animals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, we used positron emission tomography (PET) and autoradiography to study effects of (R)- and (S)-[(11)C]mirtazapine in the human brain. Detailed brain imaging by PET using three methods of kinetic data analysis showed no reliable differences between regional binding potentials of (R)- and (S)-[(11)C]mirtazapine in healthy subjects. RESULTS: Autoradiographic studies carried out in whole hemispheres of human brain tissue showed, however, that (R)- and (S)-mirtazapine differ markedly as inhibitors of [(3)H]clonidine binding at alpha(2)-adrenoceptors. CONCLUSION: The multireceptor binding profiles of mirtazapine enantiomers, along with individual differences between subjects, may preclude PET neuroimaging from demonstrating reliable differences between the regional distribution and binding of (R)- and (S)-[(11)C]mirtazapine in the living human brain.
has subject area