The Control of Sequential Aiming Movements: The Influence of Practice and Manual Asymmetries On the One-Target Advantage
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The present experiment was conducted to explore the effect of practice on the one-target advantage in manual aiming, as well as asymmetries in intermanual transfer of training. Reaction and movement times for the first movement were longer in the 2-target than in the 1-target task, regardless of the amount of practice, hand preference and practice hand. When two movements were required, peak velocity was lower and, proportionally, more time was spent after peak velocity. Our kinematic results suggest that the one-target advantage is related to both predefined strategies as well as movement implementation processes during execution. Therefore, an integration of advance planning and on-line explanations for the one-target advantage is suggested. Regarding manual asymmetries, right-handers showed more transfer of training from the left to the right hand than vice versa. Left-handers exhibited a reversed pattern of asymmetric transfer of training to right-handers, but they were more disadvantaged using their non-dominant hand. These latter two findings have implications for models of manual asymmetry and upper limb control.
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