Evolution of Drosophila sex comb length illustrates the inextricable interplay between selection and variation Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Significance Not all possible biological shapes are actually seen in nature. Despite much experimental work, the developmental basis explaining the presence or absence of certain biological shapes remains poorly understood. We studied Drosophila melanogaster development using the sex comb, a group of modified bristles exhibiting spectacular morphological diversity among Drosophila species. We provide several lines of evidence suggesting that increasing D. melanogaster sex comb length produces a mechanical blockage, affecting comb shape and position. We infer that simple physical principles acting on tissues can influence the direction of evolution, and comparative studies of other fly species are consistent with this hypothesis. This work highlights the fundamental role of development for understanding biodiversity and evolution.

authors

  • Malagón, Juan N
  • Ahuja, Abha
  • Sivapatham, Gabilan
  • Hung, Julian
  • Lee, John
  • Muñoz-Gómez, Sergio A
  • Atallah, Joel
  • Singh, Rama Shankar
  • Larsen, Ellen

publication date

  • September 30, 2014