Sedimentation Analysis of DNA from Irradiated and Unirradiated L Cells
- Additional Document Info
- View All
DNA, released from unirradiated mouse L-cells gently lysed in a thin layer of 2% sucrose on top of an alkaline sucrose gradient, was found to sediment in a narrow band with a sedimentation coefficient of about 500S. Exposure of cells to increasing doses of X-rays (89-712 rads) continuously reduced the DNA sedimentation velocity until, after about 890 rads, the DNA appeared in a narrow peak with a sedimentation coefficient of approximately 180S. As the dose given to cells was increased beyond 890 rads, the sedimentation coefficient of the DNA released continued to decrease and the sedimentation profiles now broadened in a manner consistent with the random production of single-strand breaks in the DNA. The DNA released from unirradiated cells (500S) is thought to be loosely aggregated and only partially single stranded. It is presumed that cells exposed to low doses of radiation release DNA with marked reductions in sedimentation coefficient because single-strand breaks produced in the DNA aid the alkaline denaturation process. By using the system to be described, it has been possible to demonstrate DNA repair (rejoining of X-ray-induced single-strand breaks) during postirradiation incubation of cells given doses as low as 400 rads.
has subject area