The architecture of the cytoskeleton and its remodeling are tightly regulated by dynamic reorganization of keratin-rich intermediate filaments. Plakin family proteins associate with the network of intermediate filaments (IFs) and affect its reorganization during migration, differentiation, and response to stress. The smallest plakin, periplakin (PPL), interacts specifically with intermediate filament proteins K8, K18, and vimentin via its C-terminal linker domain. Here, we show that periplakin is SUMOylated at a conserved lysine in its linker domain (K1646) preferentially by small ubiquitin-like modifier 1 (SUMO1). Our data indicate that PPL SUMOylation is essential for the proper reorganization of the keratin IF network. Stresses perturbing intermediate-filament and cytoskeletal architecture induce hyper-SUMOylation of periplakin. Okadaic acid induced hyperphosphorylation-dependent collapse of the keratin IF network results in a similar hyper-SUMOylation of PPL. Strikingly, exogenous overexpression of a non-SUMOylatable periplakin mutant (K1646R) induced aberrant bundling and loose network interconnections of the keratin filaments. Time-lapse imaging of cells expressing the K1646R mutant showed the enhanced sensitivity of keratin filament collapse upon okadaic acid treatment. Our data identify an important regulatory role for periplakin SUMOylation in dynamic reorganization and stability of keratin IFs.