Optimising parameters for peripheral blood leukapheresis after r-metHuG-CSF (filgrastim) and r-metHuSCF (ancestim) in patients with multiple myeloma: a temporal analysis of CD34+ absolute counts and subsets
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Patients (n = 69) with multiple myeloma undergoing peripheral blood stem cell collection (PBSC) were treated with cyclophosphamide and a combination of recombinant methionyl human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (r-metHuG-CSF, filgrastim) and recombinant methionyl human stem cell factor (r-metHuSCF, ancestim). The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) The proportion of patients reaching a target yield of >or=5 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg in one or two successive large-volume (20 liter) leukapheresis procedures; (2) the optimal collection time for leukapheresis; (3) mobilization kinetics of CD34(+) subsets in response to G-CSF/SCF. All patients were mobilized with cyclophosphamide (2.5 g/m(2)) on day 0 followed by filgrastim (10 microg/kg ) plus ancestim (20 microg/kg) commencing day 1 and continuing to day 11 or 12. Of the 65 evaluable patients, 57 were considered not heavily pretreated and 96.5% obtained a target of >or=5 x 10(6)/kg in one collection. The median CD34(+) cells/kg was 39.5 x 10(6) (range: 5.2-221.2 x 10(6)). Subset analysis demonstrated the number of CD38(-), CD33(-), and CD133(+) peaked at day 11; and CD34(+), CD90(+) cells peaked at day 10. The optimum day for leukapheresis was determined to be day 11. The median absolute peripheral blood CD34(+) cell numbers on day 11 was 665 x 10(6)/l (range: 76-1481 x 10(6)/l). Eight of the 10 heavily pretreated patients were evaluable: three achieved the target dose in one leukapheresis (37.5%) and three (37.5%) achieved the target dose with two leukaphereses. Use of this mobilization strategy allowed the collection of high numbers of CD34(+) cells and early progenitors and the ability to predictably schedule leukapheresis.
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