Diagnostic Usefulness of a Lumi-Aggregometer Adenosine Triphosphate Release Assay for the Assessment of Platelet Function Disorders
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Platelet dense granule release assays are recommended for diagnosing platelet function disorders and are commonly performed by Lumi-Aggregometer (Chrono-Log, Havertown, PA) assays of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release. We conducted a prospective cohort study of people tested for ATP release defects to assess bleeding symptoms. Reduced release, with 1 or more agonists, was more common among patients with bleeding disorders than among healthy control subjects (P < .001). The respective likelihood (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]) of a bleeding disorder or an inherited platelet function disorder were high when release was reduced with 1 or more agonists (17 [6-46]; 128 [30-545]), even if aggregation was normal (12 [4-34]; 105 [20-565]). ATP release had high specificity and moderate sensitivity for inherited platelet function disorders, with most abnormalities detected by the combination of 6 μmol/L epinephrine, 5.0 μg/mL collagen, and 1 μmol/L U46619. Platelet ATP release assays are useful for evaluating common bleeding disorders, regardless of aggregation findings.
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