[Problem based learning in the teaching of physics to medical students. Comparison with traditional teaching].
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BACKGROUND: Problem based learning, integrating basic science with clinical problems, is one of the most recommended forms of teaching for medical schools. AIM: To compare a problem based learning program for physics with traditional teaching methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the physics course, first year medical students were separated in groups with traditional learning and problem based teaching. Both groups were subjected to the same knowledge and qualitative evaluations. RESULTS: At the end of the course, cognitive performance in both groups was similar (60.8 and 61.3% among traditional teaching and problem based learning groups respectively). However, students assigned to the problem based learning group evaluated significantly better the teaching methodology and process. CONCLUSIONS: Physics education, using problem based learning, obtains the same cognitive results but a higher degree of satisfaction than traditional teaching among students.
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