A comprehensive description of functioning and disability in children with velopharyngeal insufficiency Academic Article uri icon

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  • UNLABELLED: Children with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) experience functional impairments in a variety of areas that extend beyond the primary physical impairment associated with this disorder. At present, the physical deficits associated with VPI have been studied extensively; however, a comprehensive description of social and communicative participation in this population is needed. Therefore, a biopsychosocial framework such as the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth (ICF-CY), may offer an enhanced understanding of the daily experiences of children with VPI. Specifically, the ICF-CY framework is intended to model complex nonlinear systems, and as such, to describe functioning as the interaction of multiple components from which a limitation in communicative participation may emerge. This paper describes how the ICF-CY framework can be utilized to comprehensively describe functioning and disability in children with VPI by describing the interaction of components of this framework. LEARNING OUTCOMES: As a result of this activity, the reader will be able to: (1) discuss the utility of the ICF-CY in describing the multi-dimensional nature of velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI); (2) describe interrelationships between functioning and disability in children with VPI; and (3) identify how limitations in communicative participation may emerge from the interaction of components of the ICF-CY in children with VPI.


  • Dzioba, Agnieszka
  • Skarakis-Doyle, Elizabeth
  • Doyle, Philip C
  • Campbell, Wenonah
  • Dykstra, Allyson D

publication date

  • July 2013