Murine dendritic cells transduced with an adenoviral vector expressing a defined tumor antigen can overcome anti-adenovirus neutralizing immunity and induce effective tumor regression.
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In this study transduced dendritic cells (DCs) were used to enhance immunogenecity of a specific tumor antigen. Using a polyoma middle T (PyMT) transgenic mammary carcinoma model we found that injections of DCs transduced with an adenoviral (Ad) vector expressing PyMT (DCAd-PymT) led to potent specific anti-tumor immunity. Efficacy was not affected by neutralizing Abs (high or low titers) and naive animals did not produce detectable anti-Ad Abs following two injections of transduced DCs. Repeated injections of transduced DCs significantly improved therapeutic efficacy in mice with established lung metastases. These data emphasize the ability of Ad-infected DCs to: i) minimize anti-Ad Ab production, ii) overcome pre-existing anti-Ad humoral immunity, and iii) improve vaccination efficacy when injected more than once.
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