Endogenous interleukin-6 contributes to hypersensitivity to cutaneous stimuli and changes in neuropeptides associated with chronic nerve constriction in mice Academic Article uri icon

  •  
  • Overview
  •  
  • Research
  •  
  • Identity
  •  
  • Additional Document Info
  •  
  • View All
  •  

abstract

  • Partial nerve injury is a potential cause of distressing chronic pain for which conventional analgesic treatment with opiates or anti-inflammatory agents is not very effective. Constriction nerve injury, widely used to study neuropathic pain, was shown here to induce interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA in a subset of rat primary sensory neurons. When we inflicted chronic nerve constriction on mice with null mutation of the IL-6 gene, the hypersensitivity to cutaneous heat and pressure that is induced in wild-type mice was not evident, the loss of substance P in sensory neurons was excessive and the induction of galanin in central sensory projections was reduced. In additional experiments, intrathecal infusion of IL-6 in rats was shown to stimulate synthesis of galanin in approximately one-third of lumbar dorsal root ganglion neurons. The results of these experiments indicate that endogenous IL-6 mediates some of the hypersensitive responses that characterize peripheral neuropathic pain, and influences two neuropeptides that have been implicated in pain transmission.

authors

  • Murphy, PG
  • Ramer, MS
  • Borthwick, L
  • Gauldie, Jack
  • Richardson, PM
  • Bisby, MA

publication date

  • July 1999