Differential regulation of striatal G protein levels following 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine administration in C57 BL/6 mice
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The dopaminergic neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is known to produce a severe Parkinsonian state in both humans and animals. Unlike idiopathic Parkinson's disease, however, most MPTP models show some degree of behavioral recovery with time. Here we report that stimulatory G proteins are differentially regulated in the striatum of C57 BL/6 mice following systemic MPTP administration. As measured by Western blotting, the striatal stimulatory G proteins Gs and Golf were reduced by 20% and 25% at 10 days following cessation of MPTP treatment, despite a significant impairment in striatal dopamine levels (<90% reduction). Conversely, Gs and Golf levels were upregulated by 15% and 30% at 10 months following MPTP withdrawal. No change was observed in striatal inhibitory G proteins or any cortical G protein at any time post-treatment. These results suggest that G protein upregulation may play a role in mediating behavioral recovery following MPTP administration.
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