Iron-Dependent Hydrogenases ofEntamoeba histolyticaandGiardia lamblia:Activity of the Recombinant Entamoebic Enzyme and Evidence for Lateral Gene Transfer Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Entamoeba histolytica and Spironucleus barkhanus have genes that encode short iron-dependent hydrogenases (Fe-hydrogenases), even though these protists lack hydrogenosomes. To understand better the biochemistry of the protist Fe-hydrogenases, we prepared a recombinant E. histolytica short Fe-hydrogenase and measured its activity in vitro. A Giardia lamblia gene encoding a short Fe-hydrogenase was identified from shotgun genomic sequences, and RT-PCR showed that cultured entamoebas and giardias transcribe short Fe-hydrogenase mRNAs. A second E. histolytica gene, which encoded a long Fe-hydrogenase, was identified from shotgun genomic sequences. Phylogenetic analyses suggested that the short Fe-hydrogenase genes of entamoeba and diplomonads share a common ancestor, while the long Fe-hydrogenase gene of entamoeba appears to have been laterally transferred from a bacterium. These results are discussed in the context of competing ideas for the origins of genes encoding fermentation enzymes of these protists.


  • Nixon, Julie EJ
  • Field, Jessica
  • McArthur, Andrew
  • Sogin, Mitchell L
  • Yarlett, Nigel
  • Loftus, Brendan J
  • Samuelson, John

publication date

  • February 2003