Effective Synthesized/preappraised Evidence Formats in Emergency Medicine and the Use of Supplemental Knowledge Translation Techniques
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Most clinicians, and especially emergency physicians, are increasingly faced with the need for valid and reliable evidence upon which to base practice decisions in a timely fashion. Despite the accumulation of synthesized evidence in emergency medicine over the past decade, knowledge gaps still exist between what is known and what is practiced. In many cases, this failure in knowledge uptake relates to barriers in uptake as well as the difficulty of translating evidence from research to the bedside. Preappraised evidence syntheses represent a potential partial solution to these problems by providing condensed summaries of the large volume of scientific literature in our field. The participants in this workshop examined the availability, utility, and impact of preappraised evidence and examined innovative ways to translate this knowledge into practice. In addition, the workshop participants also explored more globally all knowledge translation methods that are distinct from clinical pathways (e.g., audit and feedback, academic detailing, reminders, and local opinion leaders). These are initiatives that are instituted at the level of a particular hospital or with respect to a certain condition, and emergency physicians need to understand their definition and application. Overall, the recommendations arising from this workshop have the potential to alter future emergency care in important ways.
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