Evaluation of bronchoconstriction induced by neurokinins and its inhibition by selective nonpeptide antagonists in conscious guinea pigs, using a double-chamber plethysmograph technique Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Bronchoconstriction induced by inhaled neurokinins, leukotriene D4 (LTD4), and histamine was examined in conscious guinea pigs, using a double-chamber plethysmography. The reliability of the plethysmograph was established by obtaining stable baseline values of key pulmonary parameters, including specific airway resistance, over a 4-day period. As well, the usefulness of the setup was confirmed using LTD4 and the LTD4 antagonist MK-571. Aerosols of MK-571 inhibited the bronchoconstriction induced by LTD4 (0.3 microM, 3 min aerosol) with an IC50 value of 65 +/- 16 nM. Inhaled neurokinin A (NKA), substance P (SP), [beta Ala8]NKA(4-10), or [Sar9,Met(O2)11]SP at concentrations up to 10 microM had no bronchoconstrictive effect, unless the guinea pigs were pretreated with the neutral endopeptidase inhibitor thiorphan (0.2 mg/mL, 5 min aerosol). The rank order of bronchoconstriction potency was LTD4 > [beta Ala8]NKA(4-10) approximately NKA > [Sar9,Met(O2)11]SP approximately SP > histamine. Hyperresponsiveness to NKA-induced bronchoconstriction was evident after 1 day and lasted for 4 days. The response to NKA was not inhibited by mepyramine, indomethacin, or MK-571 but was significantly reduced by atropine and hexamethonium, suggesting the involvement of a cholinergic mechanism. Aerosols of SR-48,968 a selective NK2 antagonist, had potent effects on the bronchoconstriction induced by NKA (1 microM, 3 min aerosol), with an IC50 value of 17 +/- 3 nM. SR-48,968 was also active when administered intraperitoneally. The NK1 antagonist CP-99,994 (0.1 microM, 10 min aerosol) inhibited the responses to SP by 70% but had no effect on NKA-induced responses at concentrations up to 10 microM.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

authors

  • Chan, Chi-Chung
  • Tousignant, Christine
  • Ho, Elaine
  • Brideau, Christine
  • Savoie, Chantal
  • Rodger, Ian

publication date

  • January 1994