Adenoviral-Mediated Gene Transfer of Interleukin-6 in Rat Lung Enhances Antiviral Immunoglobulin A and G Responses in Distinct Tissue Compartments
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The effect of IL-6 transgene expression following lung gene transfer on anti-adenovirus humoral responses of immunoglobulin (Ig) G and A both in the lung and peripheral blood was investigated. Lung infection by a control adenovirus caused an increased level of circulating anti-adenoviral IgG antibodies. However, the magnitude of this response was many times higher in the peripheral blood of rats receiving an adenovirus engineered to express IL-6 transgene. In comparison, much lower levels of anti-adenoviral IgG were detected in the bronchoalveolar fluids of rats receiving either virus. In contrast, there was no detectable level of anti-adenoviral IgA in the peripheral blood in any cases, yet significantly detectable levels of anti-adenoviral IgA were measured in the lung. The levels of this IgA were much higher in the lung of rats expressing IL-6 than in the lung of control animals (15 times higher by day 14). Our findings thus provide evidence that IL-6 plays a significant role in enhancing specific airways mucosal IgA and systemic IgG responses during local lung viral infection, and provide the rationale for using IL-6 locally at mucosa sites as an immune adjuvant for antiviral vaccination program.
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