The course of insomnia symptoms during the acute treatment of major depressive disorder: A CAN-BIND-1 report
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Despite considerable efforts to study the relationship between insomnia and depression, there is minimal research investigating whether insomnia symptoms change over time during a course of antidepressant pharmacotherapy. This study investigated the course of insomnia symptoms during the acute treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) using a secondary analysis of data from MDD patients (N = 180) who were treated with open-label escitalopram (10-20 mg/day) for 8-weeks. Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale without sleep item (modified-MADRS) assessed depression and Self-reported Quick Inventory Depressive Scale (QIDS-SR) measured subjective sleep-onset, mid-nocturnal, and early-morning insomnia throughout 8-weeks of treatment. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess subjective sleep quality, duration, onset latency, and efficiency throughout 8-weeks of treatment. Remission of depression was defined as modified-MADRS ≤10 at week-8. Mixed model repeated measures (MMRMs) were conducted with remission status as an independent variable and each sleep variable as a dependent variable. MMRMs demonstrated that remitters had significantly lower QIDS-SR sleep-onset and mid-nocturnal insomnia scores as well as a significantly lower PSQI sleep quality score than non-remitters throughout 8-weeks of treatment. Monitoring subjective sleep-onset and mid-nocturnal insomnia during the course of treatment with serotonergic antidepressants may be useful for predicting acute remission of depression.
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