Evolutionary rates for multivariate traits: the role of selection and genetic variation Journal Articles uri icon

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  • A fundamental question in evolutionary biology is the relative importance of selection and genetic architecture in determining evolutionary rates. Adaptive evolution can be described by the multivariate breeders' equation ( ), which predicts evolutionary change for a suite of phenotypic traits ( ) as a product of directional selection acting on them ( β ) and the genetic variance–covariance matrix for those traits ( G ). Despite being empirically challenging to estimate, there are enough published estimates of G and β to allow for synthesis of general patterns across species. We use published estimates to test the hypotheses that there are systematic differences in the rate of evolution among trait types, and that these differences are, in part, due to genetic architecture. We find some evidence that sexually selected traits exhibit faster rates of evolution compared with life-history or morphological traits. This difference does not appear to be related to stronger selection on sexually selected traits. Using numerous proposed approaches to quantifying the shape, size and structure of G , we examine how these parameters relate to one another, and how they vary among taxonomic and trait groupings. Despite considerable variation, they do not explain the observed differences in evolutionary rates.


  • Pitchers, William
  • Wolf, Jason B
  • Tregenza, Tom
  • Hunt, John
  • Dworkin, Ian

publication date

  • August 19, 2014