A Win–Win for Sport and Exercise Medicine and Primary Care: A Qualitative Case Study of the Added Competence Model in Canada Academic Article uri icon

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  • Objective

    To understand the unique impacts of the College of Family Physicians of Canada's (CFPC) Certificate of Added Competence (CAC) in Sport and Exercise Medicine (SEM) on the delivery of comprehensive care in Canada.


    Secondary analysis of qualitative interview data collected during a multiple case study of the impacts of the CAC program in Canada.


    Six cases purposively sampled from across Canada. Each case was bound by a collective of healthcare providers who work with a defined group of patients.


    Across the cases, 48 individuals participated, including SEM and other enhanced skill family physicians, generalist family physicians, residents, specialists, and administrative staff.

    Main outcome measures

    Qualitative descriptions of the impacts of the SEM certificate on comprehensive care provision in Canada.


    SEM certificate holders experience enhanced well-being and professional satisfaction while also benefitting comprehensive care in communities in numerous ways. That SEM certificate holders may prioritize professional interests over community healthcare needs was identified as a potential drawback. Athletes and physically active individuals have specific healthcare needs, and may constitute a significant critical mass to be considered a community unto themselves.


    The SEM certificates impact healthcare positively when holders work in collaborative models that are well aligned with local community needs. Expanding the awareness of the scope of SEM and advocacy for adequate remuneration for these services have the potential to enhance SEM contributions to comprehensive family medicine in Canada.

publication date

  • August 2022