Biomarkers associated with rhythm status after cardioversion in patients with atrial fibrillation Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • AbstractBiomarkers may help to improve our knowledge about the complex pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation (AF). In this study we sought to identify significant changes in biomarkers and clinical measures in patients with and without AF recurrence after electrical cardioversion. We measured 21 conventional and new biomarkers before and 30 days after electrical cardioversion and assessed the associations of changes in biomarker levels with rhythm status at follow-up. Significant between-group changes were observed for bone morphogenetic protein 10 (BMP10), N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and total bilirubin. Their respective changes were − 10.4%, − 62.0% and − 25.6% in patients with sinus rhythm, and 3.1%, 1.1% and − 9.4% in patients with recurrent AF, for a between-group difference of − 13.5% (95% confidence interval [CI] − 19.3% to − 7.6%; P < 0.001), − 63.1% (95% CI − 76.6% to − 49.6%; P < 0.001) and − 16.3% (95% CI − 27.9% to − 4.7%; P = 0.007). In multivariable models, the reductions of BMP10 and NT-proBNP were significantly associated with follow-up rhythm status (β coefficient per 1 − SD decrease, − 3.85; 95% CI − 6.34 to − 1.35; P = 0.003 for BMP10 and − 5.84; 95% CI − 10.22 to − 1.47; P = 0.009 for NT-proBNP. In conclusion, changes in BMP10 und NT-proBNP levels were independently associated with rhythm status after cardioversion, suggesting that these markers may be dependent on the actual heart rhythm.

authors

  • Meyre, Pascal B
  • Aeschbacher, Stefanie
  • Blum, Steffen
  • Voellmin, Gian
  • Kastner, Peter M
  • Hennings, Elisa
  • Kaufmann, Beat A
  • Kühne, Michael
  • Osswald, Stefan
  • Conen, David

publication date

  • December 2022