Between 75% and 80% of patients with sepsis arrive in the hospital through the emergency department. Early diagnosis is important to alter patient prognosis, but currently, there is no reliable biomarker. The innate immune response links inflammation and coagulation. Several coagulation -related biomarkers are associated with poor prognosis in the ICU. The role of coagulation biomarkers to aid in early sepsis diagnosis has not previously been investigated. The objective of our study is to determine the individual or combined accuracy of coagulation and inflammation biomarkers with standard biochemical tests to diagnose adult septic patients presenting to the emergency department.
in the Emergency Department is a prospective, observational cohort study with a target enrolment of 250 suspected septic patients from two Canadian emergency departments. The emergency physicians will enroll patients with suspected sepsis. Blood samples will be collected at two time points (initial presentation and 4 hr following). Patients will be adjudicated into septic, infected, or not infected status in accordance with the Sepsis-3 definitions. Patient demographics, cultures, diagnosis, and biomarkers will be reported using descriptive statistics. Optimal cut off values with sensitivity and specificity for each biomarker will be determined using C-statistics to distinguish between septic and nonseptic patients. Stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis with exclusion of nonsignificant covariates from the final model will be used to establish a panel of biomarkers.
Our protocol describes the processes and methods for a pragmatic observational biomarker study in the emergency department. This study will seek to determine the potential diagnostic importance of early coagulation abnormalities to identify additional tools for sepsis diagnosis.