FODMAP intake in children with coeliac disease influences diet quality and health-related quality of life and has no impact on gastrointestinal symptoms
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Children with coeliac disease (CD) following the gluten-free diet may experience ongoing gastrointestinal symptoms despite strict adherence. The study objective was to evaluate the association between foods high in fermentable oligo/di/monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAP) and gastrointestinal symptoms, and the potential implications to diet quality and health-related quality of life in CD children. Dietary intake was studied in age-sex matched children 5-18 years (CD, n = 46; non-coeliac mild chronic gastrointestinal complaints [GIC], n = 46; healthy controls [HC], n = 46). CD children consumed fewer foods high in FODMAPs compared to GIC and HC (p < .0001). FODMAP intake was not related to gastrointestinal symptoms in CD children (p > 0.05) but was positively associated with child health-related quality of life (p < 0.05). FODMAP intake from fruits and vegetables was positively associated with diet adequacy and total diet quality in CD children (p < 0.05). FODMAP intake may influence diet quality and health-related quality of life but has no impact on gastrointestinal symptoms in CD children.
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