Proteomic Analysis Reveals Autism-Associated Gene DIXDC1 Regulates Proteins Associated with Mitochondrial Organization and Function
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DIX-domain containing 1 (Dixdc1) is an important regulator of neuronal development including cortical neurogenesis, neuronal migration and synaptic connectivity, and sequence variants in the gene have been linked to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Previous studies indicate that Dixdc1 controls neurogenesis through Wnt signaling, whereas its regulation of dendrite and synapse development requires Wnt and cytoskeletal signaling. However, the prediction of these signaling pathways is primarily based on the structure of Dixdc1. Given the role of Dixdc1 in neural development and brain disorders, we hypothesized that Dixdc1 may regulate additional signaling pathways in the brain. We performed transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of Dixdc1 KO mouse cortices to reveal such alterations. We found that transcriptomic approaches do not yield any novel findings about the downstream impacts of Dixdc1. In comparison, our proteomic approach reveals that several important mitochondrial proteins are significantly dysregulated in the absence of Dixdc1, suggesting a novel function of Dixdc1.
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