Active metabolite concentration of clopidogrel in patients taking different doses of aspirin: results of the interaction trial
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BACKGROUND: The CURRENT-OASIS-7 and PLATO trials suggest that the benefit of clopidogrel is influenced by the dose of aspirin. OBJECTIVE: To explore a potential pharmacokinetic interaction between aspirin and clopidogrel, and determinants of clopidogrel active metabolite (AM) levels. METHODS: In part 1, using a 2 × 2 factorial design, we randomized patients to clopidogrel 600 mg loading dose (LD) followed by 150 mg day(-1) for 6 days and 75 mg day(-1) thereafter, or clopidogrel 300 mg LD followed by 75 mg day(-1) thereafter, and compared aspirin at 325 mg or 81 mg day(-1) . In part 2, patients were given a 600-mg clopidogrel LD, and were randomly allocated to aspirin 325 mg or 81 mg day(-1) . We combine the data from the two parts. Blood samples were collected 1 h after administration of the study drug. RESULTS: We randomized 302 patients (mean age 60.4 ± 9.9 years). Clopidogrel AM levels were similar in patients randomized to aspirin 325 or 81 mg (geometric mean, 12.70 ng mL(-1) ; 95% CI, 10.96-14.72 ng mL(-1) ; and geometric mean, 12.55 ng mL(-1) ; 95% CI, 10.80-14.58 ng mL(-1) ; P = 0.91). Blood levels of clopidogrel were lower in CYP2C19*2 loss-of-function (LOF) carriers compared with non-carriers (10.72 ng mL(-1) ; 95% CI, 8.83-13.01 ng mL(-1) ; and 15.21 ng mL(-1) ; 95% CI, 13.30-17.40 ng mL(-1) , respectively; P = 0.003) whereas levels in gain of function carriers and non-carriers were similar (13.31 ng mL(-1) ; 95% CI, 11.53-15.35 ng mL(-1) ; and 14.07 ng mL(-1) ; 95% CI, 11.74-16.87 ng mL(-1) , respectively; P = 0.4). Independent baseline predictors of clopidogrel AM levels were LOF genotype, body mass index, diabetes, proton pump inhibitor use and creatinine clearance, but accounted for only 20% of the variability in levels. CONCLUSION: Aspirin dose does not predict clopidogrel AM levels 1 h post-LD. Most of the variability in clopidogrel AM levels is not explained by patient characteristics or CYP2C19 metabolizer status.
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