Human Lung Fibroblast-derived Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) Mediates Eosinophil SurvivalIn Vitro Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Tissue eosinophilia has been reported to occur in pulmonary fibrosis, a disease characterized by chronic inflammation and lung fibroblast proliferation. We have examined the in vitro interaction of these two cell types by determining the in vitro survival of human peripheral blood eosinophils co-cultured with human lung fibroblasts. Survival of eosinophils cultured alone was 10% at day 3 and less than 1% at day 7. In contrast, survival of eosinophils that had been co-cultured with fibroblasts was 98, 90, 73, and 69% at days 3, 7, 10, and 14, respectively. Fibroblast-conditioned medium (CM) elicited a similar result in a dose-dependent fashion. Survival of eosinophils cultured with CM which had been preincubated with a monoclonal-neutralizing antibody to human GM-CSF was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner. Human recombinant-derived GM-CSF supported eosinophil survival in the dose-dependent fashion. Survival at day 7 of eosinophils treated with one single dose of GM-CSF (10 U/ml) was 64%. The effect of fibroblast-CM on eosinophils likely represents true survival since eosinophil proliferation as determined by [3H]thymidine incorporation did not occur. We also report that freshly isolated eosinophils had normal ultrastructural, scanning and transmission electron microscopy characteristics, and were normodense. In contrast, eosinophils co-cultured for 7 days with fibroblasts acquired irregular shapes and became hypodense and partially degranulated. Thus, our results indicate that human lung fibroblast-derived GM-CSF mediates the in vitro survival of human eosinophils.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • October 1989