Peritoneal morphological and functional changes associated with platelet-derived growth factor B Journal Articles uri icon

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  • BACKGROUND: Morphological changes associated with long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) include increased vascular surface area due to angiogenesis, submesothelial fibrosis and epithelial mesenchymal transition. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) has been associated with all of these phenomena, and is a prototypical 'response to injury' growth factor. METHODS: Rats received an intraperitoneal injection of adenoviral vector expressing PDGF-B. At sacrifice, we analysed the structure and function of the peritoneal membrane. Gene expression in the peritoneal tissue was assessed for changes suggestive of epithelial mesenchymal transition. RESULTS: Over-expression of PDGF in the rat peritoneum led to significant angiogenesis, cellular proliferation and submesothelial thickening. Although PDGF induced expression of transforming growth factor beta, there was a lack of activation of this growth factor, and we believe that this explains the lack of significant collagen accumulation observed by a hydroxyproline assay. Despite evidence of angiogenesis and subsequent increased solute transport, we observed only a transient, non-significant impact on ultrafiltration function. This suggests that increased vascular surface area is necessary, but not sufficient, to produce ultrafiltration dysfunction. There was no evidence of epithelial mesenchymal transition observed either in regulation of associated genes such as Snail or E-Cadherin or in the lack of dual-labelled epithelial and mesenchymal cells on immunofluorescence. Mesothelial cells exposed to PDGF-B demonstrated increased collagen gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: PDGF-B induced angiogenesis without fibrosis in the peritoneum. The lack of significant ultrafiltration dysfunction and epithelial mesenchymal transition, as observed in patients on PD, suggests that PDGF-B may play a role, but is not the integral component, in response to peritoneal injury.


  • Cina, D
  • Patel, P
  • Bethune, JC
  • Thoma, J
  • Rodriguez-Lecompte, JC
  • Hoff, CM
  • Liu, L
  • Margetts, Peter

publication date

  • February 2009

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