Quebec platelet disorder Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Quebec platelet disorder (QPD) is an autosomal dominant bleeding disorder associated with a unique gain-of-function defect in fibrinolysis. In the past 5 years, there have been important advances in the understanding of the pathogenesis of QPD, including its genetic cause, which is a copy number variation mutation of PLAU, the gene for urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA). QPD is the first bleeding disorder identified to be caused by a PLAU mutation and it is also the first bleeding disorder recognized to result from a gene copy number mutation. The molecular defect of QPD leads to marked overexpression of uPA during megakaryopoiesis, producing profibrinolytic platelets that contain active forms of uPA in their α-granules. This article summarizes expert opinions on the features of QPD and recent advances in the understanding of its pathogenesis and genetic cause.

publication date

  • April 2011