Peer Group Training of Pragmatic Skills in Adolescents with Acquired Brain Injury
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OBJECTIVE: To empirically evaluate a method of treating adolescents with cognitive communication disorders, including pragmatic deficits, secondary to acquired brain injury (ABI) in a group setting by objectively measuring outcomes before treatment and immediately after treatment and at 6 months posttreatment. DESIGN: A before-after trial with follow-up in a consecutive sample, with no control group. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient pediatric rehabilitation center. SUBJECTS: Adolescents who demonstrated pragmatic deficits and scored a rating of 3 or less on each subdomain of the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago Rating Scale of Pragmatic Communication Skills (RICE-RSPCS) were eligible for the study. Eight subjects were recruited into the study, and two subjects were lost to follow-up. Thus, six of the eight completed the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: RICE-RSPCS, Communication Performance Scale (CPS). RESULTS: Clinically relevant and statistically significant (P <.01) changes occurred during the treatment and were maintained at follow-up for the four RICE-RSPCS subscales and the CPS. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the potential and often typical long-term pragmatic and subsequent social difficulties associated with ABI can possibly be lessened through effective intervention.
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