Increased eosinophil-lineage committed progenitors in the lung of allergen-challenged mice
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BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that hemopoietic progenitor cells may traffic from bone marrow to sites of allergen exposure in asthma and undergo in situ differentiation, contributing to ongoing airway inflammation. However, the isolation and detailed phenotyping of true CD34 + progenitors from lung tissue during an allergen-induced airway eosinophilia has not been performed. OBJECTIVE: We attempted to isolate and investigate the in vivo kinetics of hemopoietic progenitor cells and production of eosinophilopoietic mediators in the lung. METHODS: In a mouse model of allergic airway inflammation, cells were extracted from lung tissue by enzymatic digestion. Total (CD34 + 45 + ) and eosinophil lineage committed (CD34 + 45 + IL-5Ralpha + ) progenitors were enumerated by flow cytometry. Outcome measurements were made 2, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours and 7 and 14 days after allergen challenge. RESULTS: Compared with saline control, CD34 + 45 + progenitors were elevated between 6 and 48 hours ( P < .05), attenuated by 72 hours and subsequently increased by 14 days ( P > .05). CD34 + 45 + IL-5Ralpha + progenitors were transiently elevated at 6 hours ( P < .05) before a return to preallergen levels by 12 hours and a subsequent increase at 14 days ( P < .05). Bronchoalveolar lavage eosinophils were increased at 2 hours, peaking at 72 hours ( P < .00625) and declining by 14 days. Both IL-5 and eotaxin levels were increased by 2 hours, peaking at 12 hours ( P < .05) and 24 hours ( P < .05), respectively. CONCLUSION: We propose that the increase in CD34 + 45 + IL-5Ralpha + cells and the eosinophilopoietic mediators IL-5 and eotaxin in the lung after allergen exposure may promote in situ differentiation of eosinophils that contribute to ongoing allergic airway inflammation.
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