Maximizing research impacts on cancer prevention: An integrated knowledge translation approach used by the Canadian Population Attributable Risk of Cancer (ComPARe) study
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With a strong focus on end user, or knowledge user, engagement throughout the study, an integrated knowledge translation approach (iKT) is expected to enhance the quality, relevance and reach of research findings. From its initiation, the Canadian Population Attributable Risk of Cancer (ComPARe) study combined the expertise of the knowledge producers (cancer prevention researchers) and select knowledge users in an iKT approach. We describe in detail our iKT approach, including governance, outputs and early reflections. In our model, knowledge users were integrated as members of the research team or members of a KT Advisory Committee. The integrated knowledge users took a lead role on the KT activities for ComPARe, including developing the KT Blueprint, a four phase systematic approach to guide the planning and implementation of KT activities. This approach included planning, knowledge product development, dissemination and evaluation, with advisory committee engagement built in throughout. Our early reflections identified enablers and challenges of an iKT approach for this study. Enablers included co-investigators' commitment and attitude towards iKT, support for iKT from the funding agency, an established partnership early on, understanding of and experience in each other's area of expertise, dedicated funding, clearly delineated roles, advisory committee buy-in and existing tools. Challenges included anticipating all costs, continuity of involvement, competing priorities, relationship management and geographic distance. A future evaluation will determine the effectiveness and impact of the iKT approach and KT Blueprint. In the interim, the approach we describe here can be modeled by others interested in collaborative, action-oriented research.
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