Analysis of the Effect of Mn on the Recrystallization Kinetics of High Nb Steel: An Example of Physically-based Alloy Design
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Strip casting and thin slab casting are new near net-shape technologies, which have successfully emerged in steels because of significant energy savings, substantial reduction in green house gas emissions and cost benefits. Extensive research was undertaken aimed at integrating microalloying technology with near net-shape casting technology, using a base chemistry of low carbon (0.03 wt%) and high niobium (up to 0.1 %wt), which is a well established chemistry for higher grade pipeline steels.
In the present contribution, physically-based modelling is used to optimize the Mn content and the processing conditions for the application of strain-accumulation in the new steels. The results of the modelling confirm the distinct advantage of the low Mn chemistry for the application of plate rolling which is carried out in the high temperature window using small to medium deformation passes. The high Mn chemistry is found to be more advantageous when the rolling is carried out in the low temperature window and using large pass reductions. This result is in agreement with recent rolling simulations and mill trials which show that the high Mn chemistry is superior to the low Mn chemistry for the application of near net-shape strip-rolling.
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