Effect of selective monoamine oxidase inhibition by clorgyline and deprenyl on the norepinephrine receptor-coupled adenylate cyclase system in rat cortex
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The consequences of selective monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibition on the norepinephrine(NE)-sensitive adenylate cyclase system were determined in slices of rat cerebral cortex. The chronic administration of clorgyline, which selectively inhibited the activity of MAO-A, caused a significant decrease in the responsiveness of the noradrenergic cyclic AMP-generating system. The noradrenergic subsensitivity was accompanied by a significant decrease in the density of beta-adrenoceptors, as measured by 3H-dihydroalprenolol (DHA) binding, without altering the Kd value. However, selective inhibition of MAO-B by deprenyl did not alter the sensitivity of the cyclic AMP-generating system to NE or the specific DHA binding. The basal levels of cyclic AMP in the cortex were unaltered by the drugs. Since inhibition of MAO-A, but not MAO-B, increases the availability of NE, the results support the hypothesis that a persistent NE-receptor interaction is one of the prerequisites for the in vivo densitization of the NE-sensitive adenylate cyclase and the concomitant down-regulation of the number of beta-adrenoceptors in brain.
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