MpzR98C arrests Schwann cell development in a mouse model of early-onset Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease type 1B Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Mutations in myelin protein zero (MPZ) cause Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1B. Many dominant MPZ mutations, including R98C, present as infantile onset dysmyelinating neuropathies. We have generated an R98C 'knock-in' mouse model of Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1B, where a mutation encoding R98C was targeted to the mouse Mpz gene. Both heterozygous (R98C/+) and homozygous (R98C/R98C) mice develop weakness, abnormal nerve conduction velocities and morphologically abnormal myelin; R98C/R98C mice are more severely affected. MpzR98C is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum of Schwann cells and provokes a transitory, canonical unfolded protein response. Ablation of Chop, a mediator of the protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase unfolded protein response pathway restores compound muscle action potential amplitudes of R98C/+ mice but does not alter the reduced conduction velocities, reduced axonal diameters or clinical behaviour of these animals. R98C/R98C Schwann cells are developmentally arrested in the promyelinating stage, whereas development is delayed in R98C/+ mice. The proportion of cells expressing c-Jun, an inhibitor of myelination, is elevated in mutant nerves, whereas the proportion of cells expressing the promyelinating transcription factor Krox-20 is decreased, particularly in R98C/R98C mice. Our results provide a potential link between the accumulation of MpzR98C in the endoplasmic reticulum and a developmental delay in myelination. These mice provide a model by which we can begin to understand the early onset dysmyelination seen in patients with R98C and similar mutations.

authors

  • Saporta, Mario AC
  • Shy, Brian R
  • Patzko, Agnes
  • Bai, Yunhong
  • Pennuto, Maria
  • Ferri, Cinzia
  • Tinelli, Elisa
  • Saveri, Paola
  • Kirschner, Dan
  • Crowther, Mark
  • Southwood, Cherie
  • Wu, Xingyao
  • Gow, Alexander
  • Feltri, M Laura
  • Wrabetz, Lawrence
  • Shy, Michael E

publication date

  • July 2012

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