Cation-induced aggregation of membrane vesicles isolated from vascular smooth muscle
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Cations stimulated aortic muscle membrane aggregation with increasing potency according to their effective charge, e.g., K+ less than Mg2+ less than La3+, and the stimulation is reciprocally related to the apparent affinity for these cations. Divalent metal ion-induced membrane aggregation showed a dependence on the ionic radius, being optimal for Cd2+. Polyvalent cation-induced membrane aggregation was reversibly suppressed by high ionic strength as well as by metal ion chelators, irreversibly inhibited by the cross-linking agent glutaraldehyde, and enhanced by increasing concentrations of ethanol and increased temperature of the medium. When the pH is lowered below 6.0, membrane aggregation progressively increased with a concomitant decrease in cation-induced aggregation. The patterns of aggregation of microsomal membranes and further purified plasma membranes were almost identical whereas the aggregation of the heterogeneous mitochondrial membrane-enriched fraction was distinctly different in the initial rate of aggregation, its pH dependence, and metal ion concentration dependence. Our results indicate that cation-induced membrane aggregation can also be used to isolate a plasma membrane-enriched fraction from vascular smooth muscle.
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