NK1and NK2Receptors Mediate Tachykinin and Resiniferatoxin-induced Bronchospasm in Guinea Pigs Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The present study characterized neurokinin receptor-mediated bronchoconstrictor responses in anesthetized guinea pigs. Thus, we have compared the actions of the selective neurokinin 1 (NK1) (CP-99,994) and neurokinin 2 (NK2) (SR-48,968) receptor antagonists against dose-response curves (DRC) induced by intravenously administered substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA), neurokinin B (NKB), beta Ala8-NKA (4-10),Sar9-Met(O2)11SP, and single dose (intravenous) challenge with resiniferatoxin (RTX), a capsaicin-like sensory neurotoxin, leukotriene D4 (LTD4) and antigen. The rank order of potency of the neurokinins for inducing bronchoconstriction was beta Ala8-NKA(4-10) > NKA > Sar9-Met(O2)11Sp > SP > NKB. The DRC to the selective NK1 agonist Sar9-Met(O2)11SP was shifted to the right 10-fold by the selective NK1 antagonist, CP-99,994 (1 mg/kg, intravenously), but was not shifted by SR-48,968 (3 mg/kg, intravenously). The DRC to the selective NK2 agonist beta-Ala8-NKA(4-10) was shifted to the right 82-fold by the NK2 antagonist, SR-48,968 (1 mg/kg), but was not shifted by CP-99,994 (3 mg/kg, intravenously). SR-48,968 (1 mg/kg) also blocked NKA (3-fold shift) but did not block SP. CP-99,994 failed to produce a significant rightward shift of the DRC to either SP or NKA. However, the combination of 1 mg/kg CP-99,994 and 1 mg/kg SR-48,968 produced significant shifts of the DRCs to SP (> 5-fold) and NKA (> 300-fold). Hypotension induced by NKA and SP was also blocked by this combination.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

authors

  • Foulon, Denise M
  • Champion, Eric
  • Masson, Paul
  • Rodger, Ian
  • Jones, Thomas R

publication date

  • October 1993