Inhibition of Bacterial Biofilm Formation and Swarming Motility by a Small Synthetic Cationic Peptide Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • ABSTRACTBiofilms cause up to 80% of infections and are difficult to treat due to their substantial multidrug resistance compared to their planktonic counterparts. Based on the observation that human peptide LL-37 is able to block biofilm formation at concentrations below its MIC, we screened for small peptides with antibiofilm activity and identified novel synthetic cationic peptide 1037 of only 9 amino acids in length. Peptide 1037 had very weak antimicrobial activity, but at 1/30th the MIC the peptide was able to effectively prevent biofilm formation (>50% reduction in cell biomass) by the Gram-negative pathogensPseudomonas aeruginosaandBurkholderia cenocepaciaand Gram-positiveListeria monocytogenes. Using a flow cell system and a widefield fluorescence microscope, 1037 was shown to significantly reduce biofilm formation and lead to cell death in biofilms. Microarray and follow-up studies showed that, inP. aeruginosa, 1037 directly inhibited biofilms by reducing swimming and swarming motilities, stimulating twitching motility, and suppressing the expression of a variety of genes involved in biofilm formation (e.g., PA2204). Comparison of microarray data from cells treated with peptides LL-37 and 1037 enabled the identification of 11 commonP. aeruginosagenes that have a role in biofilm formation and are proposed to represent functional targets of these peptides. Peptide 1037 shows promise as a potential therapeutic agent against chronic, recurrent biofilm infections caused by a variety of bacteria.

authors

  • de la Fuente-Núñez, César
  • Korolik, Victoria
  • Bains, Manjeet
  • Nguyen, Uyen
  • Breidenstein, Elena BM
  • Horsman, Shawn
  • Lewenza, Shawn
  • Burrows, Lori
  • Hancock, Robert EW

publication date

  • May 2012