[Topography of the active site of the noradrenaline neuronal membrane carrier based on the theoretical conformation analysis of inhibitors of neuronal catecholamine uptake].
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All equilibrium conformations for nine ligands, essentially different in structure, of the noradrenaline carrier through the synaptosomal membrane of rat hypothalamus were calculated by semi-empirical method. Among these compounds were amphetamine, methylphenidate, tricyclic antidepressants. The conformational energy minimization was performed in the space of torsional and bond angles. Geometrical characteristics of the conformers were determined in the cartesian coordinate system fixed relative to the benzene ring and nitrogen atom of the ligand. The selection of biologically active (productive) conformations was made according to the following criteria: 1) low conformational energy; 2) similarity of the nitrogen atoms and phenyl rings spatial disposition in all ligands; 3) accessibility for intermolecular interactions of the same sides of functional groupings in all ligands. The above criteria enabled the productive conformations for all ligands to be chosen unambiguously. The productive conformation of noradrenaline was found to have the Ph-C-C-N fragment in perpendicular trans-conformation. A topographic model for the carrier active site was suggested, its components being the nucleophilic and two arylophilic groups situated against the most accessible sides of the functional moieties of the productively bound ligands.
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