Inverse agonist binding of peripheral benzodiazepine receptors in anxiety disorder
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The binding characteristics of the pBR (peripheral benzodiazepine receptor) inverse agonist, [3H]-Ro 5-4864, were examined in patients diagnosed as generalized anxiety disorder. As compared to normal healthy controls, the anxious subjects demonstrated a statistically significant (p < 0.001) increase in the density of pBR in platelets. The enhanced pBR binding correlated significantly with the severity of global anxiety symptom of the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAR-S, p < 0.001). The Psychic component, but not the Somatic component, of the HAR-S, correlated significantly (p < 0.001) with the enhanced pBR binding in platelets. The results provide evidence for the hypothesis of dysregulation of peripheral benzodiazepine receptors in generalized anxiety disorder.
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