The Pleckstrin homology like domain family member, TDAG51, is temporally regulated during skeletal muscle regeneration
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The capacity for skeletal muscle to repair from daily insults as well as larger injuries is a vital component to maintaining muscle health over our lifetime. Given the importance of skeletal muscle for our physical and metabolic well-being, identifying novel factors mediating the growth and repair of skeletal muscle will thus build our foundational knowledge and help lead to potential therapeutic avenues for muscle wasting disorders. To that end, we investigated the expression of T-cell death associated gene 51 (TDAG51) during skeletal muscle repair and studied the response of TDAG51 deficient (TDAG51-/-) mice to chemically-induced muscle damage. TDAG51 mRNA and protein expression within uninjured skeletal muscle is almost undetectable but, in response to chemically-induced muscle damage, protein levels increase by 5 days post-injury and remain elevated for up to 10 days of regeneration. To determine the impact of TDAG51 deletion on skeletal muscle form and function, we compared adult male TDAG51-/- mice with age-matched wild-type (WT) mice. Body and muscle mass were not different between the two groups, however, in situ muscle testing demonstrated a significant reduction in force production both before and after fatiguing contractions in TDAG51-/- mice. During the early phases of the regenerative process (5 days post-injury), TDAG51-/- muscles display a significantly larger area of degenerating muscle tissue concomitant with significantly less regenerating area compared to WT (as demonstrated by embryonic myosin heavy chain expression). Despite these early deficits in regeneration, TDAG51-/- muscles displayed no morphological deficits by 10 days post injury compared to WT mice. Taken together, the data presented herein demonstrate TDAG51 expression to be upregulated in damaged skeletal muscle and its absence attenuates the early phases of muscle regeneration.
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