Role of the viral and cellular encoded thymidine kinase in the repair of UV-irradiated herpes simplex virus
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A strain of herpes simplex type 1 (HSV-1:KOS) encoding a functional thymidine kinase (tk+) gene and a thymidine kinase deficient (tk-) mutant strain (HSV-1:PTK3B) were used as probes to examine the repair of UV-damaged viral DNA in one tk- (143) and two tk+ (R970-5 and AC4) human cell lines. UV survival for each HSV-1 strain was similar for infection of both tk- and tk+ cells suggesting that the repair of viral DNA was not dependent on the expression of a functional cellular tk gene. In contrast, UV survival of HSV-1:PTK3B was substantially reduced compared to HSV-1:KOS when infecting all 3 human cell lines, as well as Vero monkey kidney cells and LPM1A mouse cells. These results suggest that the repair of UV-irradiated HSV-1 in lytically infected mammalian cells depends, in part at least, on the expression of the viral encoded tk.
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